I am a cultural historian whose work explores the intersection between art and science in the early modern world. I specialize in cultural encounters (particularly in the Americas and increasingly in the Pacific), European empires, visual and material culture (particularly cartography and ethnography), and environmental thought.


Giants at southern latitudes

De Jode's giants

Gerard de Jode, map of America (Antwerp, 1576), detail of giants in Patagonia. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, G5200 1569 .M2 Vault.

Trading encounters

Vallard Atlas, 1547 map 12, detail from northeastern Brazil. The Huntington Library, San Marino, CA, HM 29. This vignette depicts Tupi people bartering with Norman traders.

Urban life in indigenous America

Mexico and Cuzco

Georg Braun and Franz Hogenberg, Civitates orbis terrarum, 3 vols. (1572-1617), I, f. 58v–59r, view of Cuzco; view of Tenochtitlán. Courtesy of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University, J575 B825c / 2-SIZE.